All texts on Brazilian Economy
Documentos 1 a 60 de 401
17.1.2021. Please, younger economists, research on the Dutch disease of the Brazilian automotive industry.
2020. The poor outcomes of the Brazilian government in fighting the health and economic problems associated to Covid-19 when compared with Argentina and France. (Paper in Revista de la CEPAL). Published also in Portuguese.
2020. Ex-ministro dos governos Sarney e FHC, Bresser-Pereira demonstra preocupação com o futuro da economia do país e pede mais investimentos por parte do Estado. (Entrevista a Zero Hora)
Este artigo examina os impactos do Covid-19 sobre a população e a economia brasileira. Published also in Spanish.
2020. A retomada do investimento público parece ser fundamental para estimular o nível de atividade da economia brasileira, melhorar nossa competitividade e minorar gargalos sociais. (Fórum de Economia da FGV) (Video Youtube)
2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy, and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. In the bookstores and in kindle
2020. A broad picture of the political and economic crisis in which Brazil is immersed since respectively 2013 and 2014..(Video interview to Isabella Marzolla, O Estado de S.Paulo ,31 minutes)
2020. Brazil faces four crises (political, economic, moral and sanitary) in the framework of the world crisis of neoliberal capitalism and the rise of rightwing populism. (A Terra é Redonda)
1.6.2020 - A critique of liberal economists that are rejecting the monetary financing of the expenditures with Covid-19. Adopting private financing Brazilians will have to pay the resulting public debt for years. Note in Facebook.
2020. A emissão de moeda para financiar as despesas do Covid-19 é uma solução óbvia. (Entrevista na UOL).
2019. The Brazilian economy is deindustrializing and quasi-stagnant for 40 years. The main economic and political causes and what must be done. The original of this article was published in Portuguese, in Jornal dos Economistas June 2019.
2019. The Brazilian economy is deindustrializing and quasi-stagnant for 40 years. The main economic and political causes and what must be done. (essay: Jornal dos Economistas. English Version available
8.10.2019. The sale of state-owned companies to foreign counties is assuming an incredible dimension. It is a country for sale. (Note in the Facebook)
2017. The Brazilian economy is quasi stagnant since the 1980s. Public savings are insufficient to finance public investments. Since 1990, it is caught in a high-interest rate-overvalued currency trap that makes the competent industrial firms not competitive and unable to invest. (Paper in Handbook)
2019-The Bolsonaro didn't reach to beggin and already ended. In the last five months there was not government but disgovernment. This president is a shame and and embaressement for the Brazilians.(Note in the Facebook, 20.5.19)
5.5.2019 The Brazilian economy is not recovering and liberal economists and financiers are perplex. (Note in the Facebook)
2.5.2019-Why is Brazil selling all its state-owned enterprises. One explanation is in the lieralism and dependence of the government and the economic elites, the other is that the fiscal deficits and the current account deficits make Brazil to sell the furniture of the house.
2019-Thirty year ago the Brady Plan solved the great 1980s' Foreign Debt Crisis. The Plan was entirely based in the proposal that I, as Finance Minister of Brazil, made in October 1987. The Secretary of the Treasury of the time, James Backer, rejected it, but 18 months later the new Secretary, Nicholas Brady, took it entirely. Read the full history in "A turning point for the debt crisis". Nota no Facebook, 22.4.2019
4.4.2019 - A proposta do governo de capitalização na emenda da Previdência constitui grave ameaça a um direito humano fundamental que as sociedades civilizadas garantem: o direito a uma velhice digna.
10.3.2019-Embora a emenda da Previdência afirme que a escolha do regime de capitalização será optativa, na pratica reduz o teto previdenciário de seis para um salário mínimo. É uma violência contra o direito humano a uma velhice digna.
6.2.2019-Nota no Facebook. A recuperação da indústria é decepcionante por três razões além do fato de a taxa de juros continuar alta e a taxa de câmbio ainda estar apreciada: porque a demanda de bens industriais tanto interna quanto externa continua baixa, porque o governo não realizou a política fiscal contracíclica necessária, e porque os empresários ainda não estão se sentido com confiança em relação ao governo.
2014. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy, and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. (Book: Editora 34, updated 3rd edition, 2017). Nas livrarias e Em kindle.
2017-I propose twelve new-developmental ecnomic reforms for Brazil (Facebook page)
2017 - Since 1990, the Brazilian economy is quasi-stagnant under a liberal economic policy regime. Rentier-financier liberalism is incompatible with growth, because it keeps interest rates very high and the exchange rate overvalued in the long-term. (Paper: Estudos Avançados).
2016. In the recent past liberals (1990-2002) as well as developmentalists (2003-2014) failed in overcoming the quasi-stagnation that defines the Brazilian economy since 1980. New developmentalism offers a short and a long-term alternative. (Large essay in Folha de S.Paulo)
2016. Long interview of Bresser-Pereira to Alvaro Comin e Paulo Todescan Mattos for Plural, journal from USP's graduate program in sociology.
2016. The crisis made the exchange rate right. Now is the momement to adopt an "exchange rate retention, which neutralizes the Dutch disease, so blocking the tendency to the overvaluation of the exchange rate existing in developing countries. (Op ed: Valor)
2016. Just austerity proved not to be able to bring back private investment and growth. It is necessary to have as basic fiscal metric public savings, control current public expenditures, and increase public investment. (Op ed, Folha de S.Paulo)
2015. In order to re-industrialize Brazil requires a competitive exchange rate, a low level interest rate, and fiscal responsibility. In addition, industrial policy. (small article, Le Monde Diplomatique - Brasil)
2015. Brazil is a national-dependent society. The three cycles of its independent history were, successively, "State and Territorial Integration", "Nation and Development" and "Democracy and Social Justice". Portuguese version available. (Paper, Latin America Research Review)
2015. Entrevista sobre a recessão de 2015. Juros altos e câmbio apreciado. (Video para Dukascopy TV)
2015. Texto para Discussão 399. The Brazilian economy is quasi stagnant from 1990, because since the 1980s it dos not have public savings to finance public investments, and because, since 1990, it is caught in a high interest rate-overvalued currency trap that makes the competent industrial firms not competitive and unable to invest. (Discussion paper). More actualized version available.
2015. The way out of the quasi-stagnation since the Real Plan is overcome the high interest rate - overvalued currency trap. (Interview to Jornal da Paraíba)
2015. A summary of A Construção Política do Brazil. The three state-society cycles in the history of Brazil since Independence. The recent class coalitions or political pacts. (Article: O Estado de S.Paulo, Aliás )
2015. Since 2003 a developmental government tried change the perverse liberal tripod, but eventually failed, as it was victim of exchange rate and fiscal populism, while the international situation deteriorated. (Paper in edited book)
2015.. Bresser-Pereira speaks about his life, PSDB, PT, and Brazil, which lost the idea of nation. (interview to Leandro Fontoura, Zero Hora)
2015. An long-term appreciated exchange rate represents a major competitive disadvantage. (Short interview to O Estado de S.Paulo)
2015. No início de 2015 o Brasil viu-se diante de três problemas que se somavam de forma interdependente: a recessão, a crise fiscal e a grave crise política. (Nueva Sociedad)
2015. Embora poucos se deem conta disto, a economia brasileira está semiestagnada há muito tempo. (Article: Valor).
2015. Brazil needs a social class coalition which have as economic priority an exchange rate floating around the "industrial" or competitive equilibrium. This is the only way to stop deindustrialization. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).
2015. From the Real Plan the Brazilian economy is caught in a trap of high interests rates and overvalued currency, but the fiscal and especially the exchange rate populism on the right and on the left impede the solution of the problem. (Lecture)
2014. Liberals as well as vulgar Keynesians show a preference for immediate consumption associated with an overvalued currency. (Paper: Crítica e Sociedade)
2014. With Eliane Araújo e Paulo Gala. Econometric comprovation of a high rate of substituition of foreign for domestic savings. (Paper: Revista EconomiA) Portuguese version available.
2013. Prefácio do livro organizado por André Felipe Zago de Azevedo, Carmem Feijó e Daniel Arruda Coronel.
2013. Bresser-Pereira estima que o dólar estaria no "lugar certo" a R$3,00 (Entrevista a Roberto Müller, Liliana Lavoratti e Fernanda Bompan).
2013. A more precise presentation of Rangel's "basic duality" theory to explain Brazilian history. (paper: Análise Econômica).
2013. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition from the late 1980s to the the mid 2000s. Yet, since the Lula administration, the emergence of a new developmentalism, and the 2008 collapse of neoliberalism, they are again being heard in Brazil. Actualized version of a previous paper. Also available German version. (To be published in edited book)
2007. Vargas was the statesman that led Brazils national and industrial revolution. Although an authoritarian politician, he created the conditions for consolidated democracy. (Paper: tin book edited by Dutra Fonseca Zahluth Bastos)
2012. An overview o Brazil since the independence. An interpretation of Brazil considering the political pacts or class coalitions and the growth strategies. (Paper: Novos Estudos
2012. An e-mail conversation on the subject. The power of good theory.
2011. The Euro Zone faces a major crisis. It is trated as if it were a fiscal crisis but, actually, is a currency crisis. Meanwhile Brazil faces difficulties, but there is some progress in understanding the role of the exdhange rate. (Conference)
2012. Pode-se discutir o câmbio adequado, mas a apreciação é grande, a indústria perde terreno e o país cresce pouco (Article: Valor)
2012. Brazil is a national-dependent society. The three cycles of its independent history were, successively, "State and Integration", "Nation and Development" and "Democracy and Social Justice". (Paper: Perspectivas) English version available.
2011. A summary of Brazil`s development. Why it became backward. How it eventually made its national and capitalist revolution and turned a middle income country. (Article in book edited by André Botelho and Lilia Moritz Schwarcz).
2011.País deveria taxar exportações de commodities para reduzir o impacto na indústria nacional (Interview to Jamil Chade).
2011. "Inside Job", Oscar de melhor documentário, é uma reportagem precisa da crise financeira global. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)
2011. New developmentalism is a national development strategy that implies fiscal and exchange rate responsibility. Brazil lacks the later. (Interesse Nacional).
2010. O Brasil sofre de doença holandesa, que provoca a desindustrialização da economia. Nosso desafio é neutralizar a sobreapreciação do câmbio (Entrevista a Raquel Landim).
2010. The Lula administration is an example of exchange rate populism. Interview to Laura García for Cronista.com de Buenos Aires.