Fatores aceleradores, mantenedores e sancionadores da Inflação

Luis Carlos Bresser-Pereira e Yoshiaki Nakano

Anais do X Encontro Nacional de Economia da ANPEC, Belém, dezembro 1983. Revista de Economia Política 4(1), janeiro-março 1984: 5-22. El Trimestre Económico LII(3), julho-setembro 1985, no.207. Reproduzido em Inflação e Recessão e em The Theory of Inertial Inflation. .


To understand inflation or stagflation in present day oligopolistic capitalism, it is necessary to distinguish the accelerating, the maintaining and the sanctioning factors of inflation. Four are the accelerating factors: change in profit margins, change in real wages above (or below) productivity, changes in the real exchange rate and in the costs of imports. The basic maintaining factors are formal and informal indexation of the economy and mark-up pricing. Given and autonomous inflation, that is, independent of sustained demand or full employment, the fundamental sanctioning factor of inflation will be the money supply.


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