The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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The rise of middle class and middle management in Brazil

Luis Carlos Bresser Pereira

Journal of Inter-American Studies, 4(3), July 1962: 313-326. Republished as Chapter 3 of Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil, 1968.


Abstract. A new salaried middle class is emerging in Brazil as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution that began in 1930 - an economic change that has already characteristics of the Second Industrial Revolution in the advanced countries. The representatives of this new middle class occupy middle management positions in large business enterprises, and also in the state.


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