All texts on Brazilian Economy


Documentos 61 a 120 de 401



Brasil vive desindustrialização (Folha, 29.8.10)

2010. Mesmo com economistas negando, fatia da indústria no PIB nacional é bem menor do que há 25 anos (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



The silly boy (Folha, 18.7.10)

2010. Only a fool hands over to foreign companies public utilities, such as landline and mobile telephone services (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Os dois preços do euro (Folha, 4.7.10)

2010. A tese de que é cedo para ajuste faz sentido a EUA, Reino Unido e Alemanha não para o resto da Europa (Article: Folha).



The two prices of the euro (Folha, 4.7.2010)

2010. The idea that it is too soon to start the adjustment makes sense for the United States, Great Britain, and Germany not for the rest of Europe (Article: Folha).



A tendência à sobreapreciação da taxa de câmbio no Brasil

2010. The tendency to the cyclical overevaluation of the exchange rate in developing countries is easily seen in Brazil. (Paper in edited book)



Desindustrialização

2010. Troca de cartas com Miguel Bruno.



Después de Grecia, qué? (La Onda, 18.6.10)

2010. No hay razón para que el mundo vuelva a sumergirse en la crisis.(Article: La Onda)



Deficits, exchange rate, and growth (Estado, 07.3.10)

2010. Prof. Affonso A. Pastore and other competent orthodox economists still believe that foreign savings cause growth. Actually, they increase consumption and mostly replace domestic savings. (Article O Estado de S.Paulo)



Doença holandesa e desindustrialização (Valor, 25.11.09)

2009. Uma doença holandesa moderada e a consequente desindustrialização são evidente. Nega-se o fato porque no momento em que isto for reconhecido não restará alternativa senão mudar a política cambial. Valor Econômico, 25.11.2009



The "matuto" and the magic moment (Folha, 16.11.09)

2009. Does Lula realize it as well? And - what is more important - are Brazilians also aware of the losses they are suffering when they welcome foreign interests so well. Folha de S. Paulo, November 16, 2009



O pré-sal e a nação (Folha, 7.9.09)

2009. Os três pilares do plano do governo sobre o pré-sal são o sistema de partilha, a Petrossal e o fundo soberano. Eles permitem que o país neutralize a doença holandesa. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Euclydes e identidade nacional (Folha, 31.8.09)

2009. Nesta década estamos começando a reagir, a pensar em termos do grande país que somos.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Euclides da Cunha and national identity (Folha, 31.8.09)

2009. In this decade we are beginning to react, to think in terms of the great country we are. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Empresariado industrial, democracia e poder político

2009. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition in the late 1980s in the 2000s, as new developmentalism is being discussed, there are signals that they are coming back. (Paper in Novos Estudos Cebrap).



É o câmbio, sr. presidente (Folha, 17.8.09)

2009. O Brasil só terá novamente altas taxas de crescimento econômico quando voltar a administrar taxas de câmbio (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



It is the exchange rate, Mr. President (Folha, 17.8.09)

2009. Brazil will only achieve high growth rates when it managed its exchange rate. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Trem-bala e investimento direto (Folha, 10.8.09)

2009. Não interessa ao Brasil oferecer de graça o mercado interno, o patrimônio mais precioso de uma nação (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



High-speed train and direct investment (Folha, 10.8.09)

2009. It is not of benefit to Brazil to offer our domestic market to rich countries for free. A countrys domestic market is its most precious asset. (Article: Folha de S. Paulo)



La tendencia a la sobrevaluación del tipo de cambio

2009. Brazil as all developing countries is subjected to the tendency to the overvaluation of the exchange rate. Since 1991 Brazil stop neutralizing this tendency, and was stage of substitution of foreign for domestic savings, balance of payment crises and low growth. (Paper: Economía UNAM, México, Vol. 6, No. 18). Portuguese version available.



Pequena euforia, triste Brasil (Folha, 8.6.09)

2009. While the stocket market returns to euphony, government is helpless in relation to the real returning to overappreciate, while . (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Small euphoria, poor Brazil (Folha, 8.6.09)

2009. Tied to the neoliberal principles of financial liberalization, our government passively watches the return of the exchange rate overvaluation. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Por que não limitar a entrada de capitais? (Folha, 25.5.09)

2009. Porque essa política vai contra os princípios fundamentalistas neoliberais aprendidos pelos economistas nas suas escolas (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Why not limit capital inflows? (Folha, 25.5.09)

2009. Because this policy goes against the neoliberal fundamentalist principles that the economists learned in their schools. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Cadernetas de poupança (Folha, 11.5.09)

2009. Surge a ideia dessa estranha e perversa aliança entre grandes rentistas e a classe média de pequenos poupadores (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Savings account (Folha, 11.5.09)

2009. We are now faced with the idea of this strange and perverse alliance between major rent-seekers and the middle class of small savers. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



A moral e a crise (Estadão, 22.3.09)

2009. The present crisis is also a moral crisis. It is a consequence of the neoliberal ideology and of the orthodox economic theory. Both teach the "invisible hand" thesis and reject the existence of the public interest. (Article: O Estado de S.Paulo)



Socorrer quem? (Folha, 29.12.08)

2008. Se os bancos continuarem a ser socorridos sem serem nacionalizados, não haverá a reestruturação necessária (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Oportunidade de ouro (Folha, 15.12.08)

2008. As the market resolved the exchange rate overvaluation and the reduction of the interest rate may be done without risking inflation, Brazil faces a golden opportunityto escape from its monetary trap.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Nova Bretton Woods (Folha, 3.11.08)

2008. A agência que substituir o FMI deverá alertar os países que ultrapassarem o limite de déficit em conta corrente (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Transformar pré-sal em riqueza é desafio (Folha, 29.9.08)

2008. In order to transform the "pre-sal" in wealth, not in curse, it will be necessary to neutralize the embodied Dutch disease. (Debate: Folha de S.Paulo).



Existe doença holandesa no Brasil?

2008. With Nelson Marconi. In Brazil the Dutch disease is not as serious as in oil countries, but it is sufficiently serious to cause gradual deindustrialization. Paper in edited book. (Paper in Doença Holandesa e Indústria)



Política industrial e câmbio (Folha, 19.5.08)

2008. Lula's new industrial policy is welcomed, but it dos not replace a non-competitive exchange rate.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Lula e a dialética (Folha, 24.3.08)

2008. It seems that Lula is understanding that the present exchange rate represents a real danger for the country. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



BC gostaria de já ter subido juro e pode fazê-lo em abril, diz Bresser (Estado, 14.3.08)

2008. Only the control of capital inflows will make the exchange rate again competitive. (Interview to Luciana Xavier, O Estado de S.Paulo)



Crescimento e desindustrialização (Folha, 10.3.08)

2008. The manufacturing industry is growing while it is prematurely desindustrializing due to moderate but not neutralized Dutch disease. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Crescimento e desindustrialização (Folha, 10.3.08)

2008. The manufacturing industry is growing while it is prematurely desindustrializing due to moderate but not neutralized Dutch disease. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Depois do consenso neoliberal, o retorno dos empresários industriais?

2008. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs associated with the state bureaucracy were dominant from 1930 to late 1980s. Now, they may be returning to power. At least they are better prepared for that. (Paper to be published)



Crise bancária e regulação (Folha, 11.2.08)

2008. The present financial crisis is probably the worst since 1929 because it adds a banking crisis to a long term current account deficit in the US that reduced trust in the dollar. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo 11.2.08).



Burocracia pública e classes dirigentes no Brasil

2007. The Brazilian state bureaucracy was part of the ruling class in association with the industrial bourgeoisie between the 1930s and the 1980s. English version available. (Paper: Revista de Sociologia e Política (Univ.Paraná).



Agronegócio, indústria e taxa de câmbio (Folha, 24.09.07)

2007. It is possible and desirable to have a national agreement assuring a more competitive exchange rate. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Instituições mortas (Folha, 10.09.07)

2007. IMF and World Bank are dead institutions. The former engaged in the growth cum foreign savings policy the later, with neo-liberal reforms. Both represent the interest of the rich countries. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Chained cycles of society and the state in Brazil

2007. Brazilian society underwent two cycles in the twentieth century, followed, with a gap, by the respective political coalition. Between the beginning of the century and 1964, the first society cycle, "Nação e Desenvolvimento", corresponded at state level by the National-Developmentalist political pact (1930-1984). The second , "Democracia e Justiça Social", begins in the late 1960s and gets exhausted in middle 2000s. It correspond to two political coalitions: first, between 1977 and 1987, the 1977 Popular-Democratic Pact, that achieves democratic transition and political power in 1985 but collapses two years later it follows a political vacuum and, from 1991 to the present, we have the Liberal-Dependent Pact precariously combined with the democratic and social ideas - and no real economic development. (Section of the book Macroeconomia da Estagnação)





Macroeconomia da Estagnação

2007. An encompassing analysis of the Brazilian macroeconomic system; a first presentation of the developmental macroeconomics. Why Brazil failed to grow fast after the Real Plan. English version available. (Book: Editora 34) Esgotado nas livrarias. Developing Brazil is an atualized version of this book.



Macroeconomia da Estagnação

2007. An encompassing analysis of the Brazilian macroeconomic system; a first presentation of the developmental macroeconomics. Why Brazil failed to grow fast after the Real Plan. English version available. (Book: Editora 34) Esgotado nas livrarias. Developing Brazil is an atualized version of this book.



A festa acabou (Folha, 27.08.07)

2007. The August 2007 financial crisis marks the end of the extraordinary growth cycle that the world economy experienced in the last five years.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Brasil perdeu idéia de Nação (Site:www.itv.org.br, 24.8.07)

2007. In global capitalism nation-states compete. As Brazil lost the idea of nation, it follows economic policies recommended by its competitors, and, so, is falling behind. (Entrevista ao Instituto Teotônio Vilela sobre o livro Macroeconomia da Estagnação)



A política de juros e de câmbio está no rumo do crescimento? (Estado, 01.08.07)

2007. Debate with Ilan Goldfajn a good way of comparing new developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy. (Two pages in O Estado de S.Paulo)



Tarifas, câmbio e OMC (Folha, 30.07.07)

2007. Tariffs are often not protectionist but compensate an overvalued currency. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Tarifa x câmbio (Folha, 02.07.07)

2007. The Dutch disease is appreciating dangerously the real. Tarifs are an incomplete but effective way of neutralizing such major market failure. The Brazilin authorities are correct in rejectind the Doha negotiatins. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



México e Brasil (Folha, 18.06.07)

2007. Mexico and Brazil are good examples of what represents dependence, international subordination, in the competitive times of globalization. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo, 18.6).



Ex-ministro Bresser-Pereira critica o câmbio apreciado e as altas taxas de juros (FIESP, 13.6.07)

2007. Brazil's economic growth is being threatened by conventional orthodoxy's macroeconomic policies. The overvalued exchange rate that may only be explained by the Dutch disease (given the trade surplus) is behind such over-appreciation that seriously threatens Brazilian manufacturing industry. (FIESP press release, 13.6.2007)



Complexo de lanterninha (Folha, 04.06.07)

2007. Brazil is not growing well but just profiting from world economy's prosperity to follow behind.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Entrevista sobre o Plano Bresser (Estado, 01.06.07)

2007. The Bresser Plan was an emergencial attempt to control inertial inflation in a moment of deep crisis, just after the collapse of the Cruzado Plan. Interview: O Estado de S.Paulo).



Neutralização da doença holandesa (Valor, 31.05.07)

2007. The competent neutralization of the Dutch disease requires an export contribution on the goods that profit from abudandant and cheap natural resources. Such contributibution must be marginal, keep high profits of producers, while moves upward the supply curve of the product and limits apreciation of the real. The money of the contribution should be used to create a stabilization fund for primary commodities. (Article: Valor).



Ganho ao invés de confisco (Estado, 18 a 22.05.07)

2007. Given the Dutch disease, I am not proposing confiscation but a marginal tax on exports that will not hurt but will stabilize commodities' production and profitability. (Two articles by Celso Ming and my letter to him)



Bresser-Pereira critica juros altos, câmbio baixo e ajuste fiscal frouxo (Gazeta Mercantil, 21.05.07)

2007. Interview to Cristina Borges Guimarães on "Macroeconomia da Estagnação": Brazil needs low interest rate, competitve exchange rate, and austere fiscal policy to overcome quasi-stagnation and grow (Gazeta Mercantil,21.5)



Para Bresser, Brasil está em ciclo vicioso (Folha, 20.05.07)

2007. Interview to Cristiane Barbieri on Bresser-Pereira's latest book Macroeconomia da Estagnação. New developmentalism is a third discourse between old developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy.(Interview: Folha de S.Paulo).



Administrar dólar é fundamental (Valor, 18.05.07)

2007. Interview to Tatiana Bautzer on the book "Macroeconomia da Estagnação": the Dutch disease is one of the causes of real's overapreciation. (Valor, 18.5)



Esse câmbio é um desastre para a economia (Estado, 16.05.07)

2007. Short interview on the Dutch Disease in Brazil. (O Estado de S.Paulo).




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