All texts on Brazilian Economy


Documentos 361 a 401 de 401



Monetarismo, até quando (Folha, 26.4.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 26.04)



Pacto social ameaçado (Folha, 26.3.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 26.03)



Negociações diretas (Folha, 17.3.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 17.03)



Soberania hipotecada (Folha, 10.3.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 10.03)



A procura impossível (Folha, 27.1.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 27.01)



Estranha poupança (Folha, 20.1.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 20.01)



Parar e acelerar (Folha, 11.1.81)

1981 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 11.01)



A política econômica endógena

1981. Economic policy is becoming endogenous as the state gets immobilised for fiscal and financial reasons. (Paper Brazilian Journal of Political Economy)



A Tecnoburocracia e o ciclo (Folha, 30.11.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 30.11)







A imobilização do Estado (Folha, 28.6.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 28.06)



O modelo e sua crise (Folha, 27.4.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 27.04)



A produtividade, os salários e a lei (Folha, 21.3.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 21.03)



GV de São Paulo: A formação contraditória das classes dominantes (Senhor, março/80)

1980. Short essay showing how the students of the more important business school in Brazil received a progressive education. (Revista Senhor).



Reforma agrária inadiável (Folha, 26.2.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 26.02)



Inflação e legitimidade política (Folha, 27.1.80)

1980 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 27.01)



Sentido e riscos da maxi-desvalorização (Folha, 13.12.79)

1979 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 13.12)



Um novo ciclo de expansão? (Folha, 1.4.79)

1979 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 01.04)





Igreja, crise e libertação (Folha, 4.3.79)

1979 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 04.03)



A economia e a política em 1978 (Folha, 21.1.79)

1979 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 21.01)



Estado e Subdesenvolvimento Industrializado

1977. An analysis of the modernizing, authoritarian and income concentrating character of the technobureaucratic-capitalist state, and of the respective model of development: "industrialized underdervelopment" (Book: Editora Brasiliense). Esgotado nas livrarias. Disponível in PDF format.



A estratégia brasileira de desenvolvimento entre 1967 e 1973

1977. Two strategies increasing demand were central in the Brazilian 1967-73 'miracle': the concentration of income benefiting the middle class and the rich and an active export policy. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas).



A economia do subdesenvolvimento industrializado

1975. The basic characteristics of growth model that prevailed during the military regime: the technobureaucratic-capitalist model of industrialized underdevelopment. In macroeconomic terms it was based on the supply side on the production of luxury goods, on the demand side, on concentration of income from the middle-class upwards. French version available(



Le sous-développement industrialisé

1975. The basic characteristics of growth model that prevailed during the military regime: the technobureaucratic-capitalist model of industrialized underdevelopment. In macroeconomic terms, on the supply side, it was based on the production of luxury goods; on the demand side, on the concentration of income from the middle-class upwards. Portuguese version available.



Uma Crítica aos Herdeiros: Debate sobre a Recessão 74/75

1975. The recession starting in 1974 explained by an increase in the profit rate higher than the increase in the technobureaucrtic middle class' salaries.(Note: Opinião)



Empresários e Administradores no Brasil

1974. The modernization and profissionalization of the business enterprises in Brazil. The social origins and the career of Paulista chief executives. Esgotado. Disponível em formato PDF.



El nuevo modelo brasileño de desarrollo

1974. The "new development model" begins in Brazil in the late 1960s, and later I called "modelo de subdesenvolvimento industrializado". Contrarily to what Celso Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. Portuguese and English versions available. This paper elaborates on the 1970 article, "Dividir ou multiplicar: A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira".(Paper: Revista Dados) (Paper: Desarrollo Economico)



O novo modelo brasileiro de desenvolvimento

1973. The "new development model" begins in Brazil in the late 1960s, and later I called "modelo de subdesenvolvimento industrializado". Contrarily to what Celso Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. Spanish and English versions available. This paper elaborates on the 1970 article, "Dividir ou multiplicar: A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira". (Paper: Revista Dados)



The post-1966 expansion and the new model

1970. It corresponds to "Dividir ou multiplicar?" (1970). It claims that the Brazilian "economic miracle" (1968-1973) signaled a new, export oriented, model of development that made consistent aggregate demand and supply of luxury goods by concentrating income from the middle class upwards. (Chapter 7 of Development and Crisis in Brazil: 1930-1983)



Dividir ou multiplicar? A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira

1970. My first analysis of the "new development model" that begins in Brazil in the late 1960s. Contrarily to what Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. "O novo modelo de desenvolvimento" (1973) elaborates on this paper. (Paper: Visão)



Political development, and the crisis of the populist alliance

1968. ISEB's political model based on the aliance of the national bourgeoisie with the workers and the bureaucrats was correct. Yet, historical new facts led to the collapse of the populist and national-developmentalist pact and to the political crisis of 1961-64. (Chapter 4 of Development and Crisis in Brazil).



Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil 1930-1967 (1a. edição, 1968)

1968. Economic, social and political development between 1930 and 1960s'. New historical facts turn inviable Vargas' national-developmentalist political pact. Sold out. (Book: This first edition is available in PDF format)



O administrador profissional e as perspectivas da sociedade brasileira

1966. Given the existence of a large middle classe, democracy's restoration is inevitable. In this process, Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs must associate themselves with the new business managers that are emerging and develop a national development strategy that should be democratic and socially progressive. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Brazil: ethnic and social origins of the industrial entrepreneurs

1964. My 1962 research demonstrated that the Paulista industrialists that led the Brazilian industrialization were, mostly, descendants of middle class immigrants, not from coffee planters. ( Published Portuguese version available. (Paper: this English version only published here)



Origens étnicas e sociais do empresário paulista

1964. My 1962 research demonstrated that the Paulista industrialists that led the Brazilian industrialization were, mostly, descendants of middle class immigrants, not from coffee planters. English version available only in this site. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Problemas da agricultura brasileira e suas causas

1964. An large picture of the Brazilian agriculture in the early 1960s.(Paper: Journal of Inter-American Studies)



O empresário industrial e a Revolução Brasileira

1963. Since 1930 Brazilian entrepreneurs associated themselves with workers and public bureaucrats to promote Brazilian industrialization. Yet, in the 1950s historical new facts conduced to the collapse of this developmental political pact, and the breaking up of a major political crisis. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



A philosophy of economic development for a Brazilian school of business administration

1961. A Brazilian business school like FGV/SP should have an explicit economic development orientation. (Term paper: Michigan State University)



Estímulos externos e desenvolvimento

1958. My first paper or quasi-paper. It was written to the discussion group, "Porão", formed mostly by collegues of JUC (Juventude Universitária Católica), and coordinated by Jorge da Cunha Lima. (Paper published as FGV/SP apostila and here)




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