The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Papers


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Documentos 361 a 414 de 414



Despesas do Estado, repartição e valor

1982. In the modern technobureaucratic-capitalist state, market and state coordination of the economy are intrinsically connected. In economic terms the state is producer, income distributor, and coordinator.(Paper: Revista de Economia Política)



1980-1981: A revolução autogestionária na Polônia

1982. Paper on the Solidarinosc revolution in Poland written after a visit to the country. The perspective of self-management after statist domination. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Six interpretations of the Brazilian social formation

1982 (1984). An overview of the political and economic interpretations of Brazil before and after 1964. The two interpretations of Brazil before 1964 (agrarian vocation and national-bourgeois) and the four after 1964 (imperialist, functional-capitalist, dependency, and authoritarian modernization). Portuguese version available. (Paper: Latin American Perspectives).



Seis interpretações sobre o Brasil

1982. An overview of the political and economic interpretations of Brazil before and after 1964. The two interpretations of Brazil before 1964 (agrarian vocation and national-bourgeois) and the four after 1964 (imperialist, functional-capitalist, dependency, and authoritarian modernization). English version available. (Paper: Dados)*



Classes e estratos sociais no capitalismo contemporâneo

1981. A sistematic analysis on social classes in contemporary capitalism distinguishing social classes from social strata and showing how the two concepts are interconected. English version available. (Paper: published only in this site)



Social classes and strata in contemporary capitalism

1981. A sistematic analysis on social classes in contemporary capitalism distinguishing social classes from social strata and showing how the two concepts are interconected. Portuguese version available. (Paper: published only in this site)



Inflação no capitalismo de Estado (e a experiência brasileira recente)

1981 This paper explains stagflation with the administrative or cost theory of inflation emphasizing money endogeneity. This paper contains my first vision of inertial inflation: in one of the sessions I explain high inflation by the fact that firms A, B, and C index their princes increasing them according to the going rate of inflation in a staggered way. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política) *



China e União Soviética, estatismo e socialismo

1979. A comparison between relatively socialist China and technobureaucratic URSS after a visit to these two countries. (Paper: Cadernos de Opinião)



Empresas multinacionais e interesses de classe

1978. Multinational entreprises involve a new form of dependency, requiring carefull scrutiny. Brazil does not need so much of capital as it is said. The Brazilian bourgeoisie is associated to multinationals, but the state's technobureaucracy is not, and may be a source of national autonomy. (Paper: Encontros com a Civilização Brasileira)*



Os Desequilíbrios da Economia Brasileira e o Excedente

1978. Since 1974 the relative economic surplus (profits+salaries/wages) stops to increase. This has consequences on macroeconomic stability. (Paper: Estudos Econômicos)



Les entreprises multinationales et le sous-développement Industrialisé

1978. Multinational enterprises contribute to economic development but are cause of income concentration.(Paper: Revue Tiers Monde)



Controle da população e ideologia

1978. Family planning programs are only effective when they strategically fill up the 'knowledge gap' that occurs when families are already urban, but did not realize that their interests in limiting childre changed. (Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Após a redemocratização

1977. The transition to democracy and, gradually, to socialism predicted on the basis of the rupture of the alliance of the bourgeoisie with the military technobureaucracy. (Paper: Contexto).



Notes d'introduction au mode de production technobureaucratique

1977 [1980]. To the emergence of the new middle class - the technobureaucratic or professional middle class - corresponds a new relation of production, the organization, and a new mode of production: the technobureaucratic or state mode of production. Portuguese version available.(Paper: LHomme et Société)



Notas introdutórias ao modo tecnoburocrático ou estatal de produção

1977. o the emergence of the new middle class - the technobureaucratic or professional middle class - corresponds a new relation of production, the organization, and a new mode of production: the technobureaucratic or state mode of production. French version available. (Paper: Estudos CEBRAP)



A economia do subdesenvolvimento industrializado

1975. The basic characteristics of growth model that prevailed during the military regime: the technobureaucratic-capitalist model of industrialized underdevelopment. In macroeconomic terms it was based on the supply side on the production of luxury goods, on the demand side, on concentration of income from the middle-class upwards. French version available(



Le sous-développement industrialisé

1975. The basic characteristics of growth model that prevailed during the military regime: the technobureaucratic-capitalist model of industrialized underdevelopment. In macroeconomic terms, on the supply side, it was based on the production of luxury goods; on the demand side, on the concentration of income from the middle-class upwards. Portuguese version available.



O modelo de desenvolvimento de Kaldor

1975. A survey of Kaldor's growth and distribution model. (Paper: Revista Brasileira de Economia)



O modelo Harrod-Domar e a substitutibilidade de fatores

1975. The Harrod-Domar model of growth is consistent with factor substitubility provided that a coefficient of substitution of capital for labor is added. This formalization is done here.(Paper: Estudos Econômicos)



Acumulação de capital, lucros e juros

1974 [1991]. A survey of the theory of the decision to invest and a critique of the neoclassical emphasis on the interests or on the normal profits. Investments, as the classical economists knew, depend essentially on profit expectations substantially higher than the interst rate. Variations in the expected profit rate are more important in explaining capital accumulation than variations in the interest rate. It elaborates "A decisião de investir, os lucros e os juros". (Paper: Texto para Discussão FGV Economia)



El nuevo modelo brasileño de desarrollo

1974. The "new development model" begins in Brazil in the late 1960s, and later I called "modelo de subdesenvolvimento industrializado". Contrarily to what Celso Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. Portuguese and English versions available. This paper elaborates on the 1970 article, "Dividir ou multiplicar: A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira".(Paper: Revista Dados) (Paper: Desarrollo Economico)





O novo modelo brasileiro de desenvolvimento

1973. The "new development model" begins in Brazil in the late 1960s, and later I called "modelo de subdesenvolvimento industrializado". Contrarily to what Celso Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. Spanish and English versions available. This paper elaborates on the 1970 article, "Dividir ou multiplicar: A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira". (Paper: Revista Dados)



The post-1966 expansion and the new model

1970. It corresponds to "Dividir ou multiplicar?" (1970). It claims that the Brazilian "economic miracle" (1968-1973) signaled a new, export oriented, model of development that made consistent aggregate demand and supply of luxury goods by concentrating income from the middle class upwards. (Chapter 7 of Development and Crisis in Brazil: 1930-1983)



Dividir ou multiplicar? A distribuição da renda e a recuperação da economia brasileira

1970. My first analysis of the "new development model" that begins in Brazil in the late 1960s. Contrarily to what Furtado predicted, income concetration benefiting the middle classes was behind the resumption of growth as it made aggregate demand consistent with the production of luxury consumption goods by multinationals. "O novo modelo de desenvolvimento" (1973) elaborates on this paper. (Paper: Visão)



A decisão de investir, os lucros e os juros

1970. Adopting a classical perspective, this paper argues that variations in the expected profit rate and the corresponding shifts of the marginal efficiency of capital curve are more important in explaining investments than variations in the interest rate. I further developed this analysis in "Acumulação de capital, lucros e juros". (Paper: Texto para Discussão)



Elasticidade-lucro das vendas

1970. The reduction of the profit margin will only compensate if sales increase more than proportionally. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas).



A revolução estudantil

1968. The student revolution will transform the capitalist society. It is a middle class, intellectual and utopian revolution. (Essay in Tecnoburocracia e Contestação)



Da macroeconomia clássica à macroeconomia Keynesiana

1968 [1976]. A critique of microeconomics, and an analysis of the transition from classical to Keynesian macroeconomics.(Apostila FGV/SP, 42 pages)



Political development, and the crisis of the populist alliance

1968. ISEB's political model based on the aliance of the national bourgeoisie with the workers and the bureaucrats was correct. Yet, historical new facts led to the collapse of the populist and national-developmentalist pact and to the political crisis of 1961-64. (Chapter 4 of Development and Crisis in Brazil).



The concept of development, and the National Revolution

1968. Development defined as involving a Industrial and a National Revolution. (Chapter 1 of Development and Crisis in Brazil,1968)



A teoria econômica e os países subdesenvolvidos

1967. General economic theory does not apply to underdeveloped countries. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Modelo de desenvolvimento econômico a dois setores

1967. An adaptation of Singer's model to middle income countries. The rate of development depends on the velocity the transference of man poer from agriculture to manufacturing. Given product/capital relation of 0.5 for manufacturing and 0.25 for agriculture, and 3% population growth, the investment rate required for a per capita GDP growth of 3% is 18.2% of GDP.(Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



O administrador profissional e as perspectivas da sociedade brasileira

1966. Given the existence of a large middle classe, democracy's restoration is inevitable. In this process, Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs must associate themselves with the new business managers that are emerging and develop a national development strategy that should be democratic and socially progressive. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Brazil: ethnic and social origins of the industrial entrepreneurs

1964. My 1962 research demonstrated that the Paulista industrialists that led the Brazilian industrialization were, mostly, descendants of middle class immigrants, not from coffee planters. ( Published Portuguese version available. (Paper: this English version only published here)



Origens étnicas e sociais do empresário paulista

1964. My 1962 research demonstrated that the Paulista industrialists that led the Brazilian industrialization were, mostly, descendants of middle class immigrants, not from coffee planters. English version available only in this site. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Inflação e lucros da empresa (A coreção monetária de balanços)

1964. With Sylvio Luiz Bresser-Pereira. The indexation or monetary correction of financial statements. A proposal. See also 1976 article. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Os três tipos de propaganda

1963. There are three types of adverting: information adverting, repetion advertising, and emotion and enchantment advertising. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



O empresário industrial e a Revolução Brasileira

1963. Since 1930 Brazilian entrepreneurs associated themselves with workers and public bureaucrats to promote Brazilian industrialization. Yet, in the 1950s historical new facts conduced to the collapse of this developmental political pact, and the breaking up of a major political crisis. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Centralização e Descentralização

1963. The concepts of centralization and decentralization discussed.(Chapter 3 of Introdução à Organização Burocrática)



O processo de descentralização

1963. Alfred Slowan's model of functional descentralized organization (today called "matricial organization") clearly presented.(Chapter 4 of Introdução à Organização Burocrática).



The rise of middle class and middle management in Brazil

1962. A new salaried middle class is emerging in Brazil as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution that began in 1930. The Portuguese version appeared as Chapter 3 of Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (1968). (Paper: Journal of Inter-American Studies).



Desenvolvimento econômico e o empresário

1962. In contemporary capitalism Schumpeterian entrepreneurs remain significant, but in the large business enterprises innovation is the outcome of senior executives colectively involved in entrepreneurial activity. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Programming marketing effort

1961. The characteristics of a marketing program discussed. (Term paper: Michigan State University)



A philosophy of economic development for a Brazilian school of business administration

1961. A Brazilian business school like FGV/SP should have an explicit economic development orientation. (Term paper: Michigan State University)



Esboço de uma Ideologia Comum das Sociedades Industriais Modernas

1959. My first paper at Getulio Vargas Foundation. Despite major conflicts, in a higher level of abstraction industrial societies share a common ideology. (Published only here)



Estímulos externos e desenvolvimento

1958. My first paper or quasi-paper. It was written to the discussion group, "Porão", formed mostly by collegues of JUC (Juventude Universitária Católica), and coordinated by Jorge da Cunha Lima. (Paper published as FGV/SP apostila and here)



Development Economics and the World Bank's Identity Crisis

1995. A discussion of development economics ideas and of Word Bank's neo-liberal turn in the early 1980s. Portuguese version available.(Paper: Review of International Political Economy)



Reformas Econômicas em Democracias Recentes: uma abordagem social-democrata

1994. With José María Maravall and Adam Przeworski. The neoliberal economic reforms enacted by Latin America’s and Eastern Europe’s new democracies have proven inefficient and at times even ineffective. This derives both from a lack of political support and from the dogmatic orthodoxy adopted. English version available.(Paper: Dados).



Uma interpretação da América Latina: a crise do Estado

1993. Since 1980 Latin American faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state, which was also a crisis of the developmentalist interpretation. Now, two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. English and French versions available. This is a preliminary version of my chapter in Economic Reforms in New Democracies, 1993. The "fiscal crisis approach" anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Novos Estudos CEBRAP )*



De volta ao capital mercantil

1988. A critique of Caio Prado Jr.'s application of the concept of mercantilist capitalism to Brazil after 1930; and also a critique of mercantilist (patrimonial) practices in the Sarney administration. (Paper in book edited by Maria Angela D'Incao)



Inflação inercial e Plano Cruzado

1986. Paper written a four months after the Cruzado Plan was lauched to control inertial inflation. The two main dangers the plan was facing were relative prices desiquilibria left by the plan and an increasing budget deficit. "Inflação inercial e choque heterodoxo in Brazil" written with Y.Nakano is a similar work. English version available.(Paper: Revista de Economia Política)



As Contradições da Inflação Brasileira

1980. Brazilian inflation is consequence of distributive conflict involving the transference of income from the poor to the rich. Monopolist and monopsonist power facilitates such transference. (Paper: Encontros com a Civilização Brasileira)



Problemas da agricultura brasileira e suas causas

1964. An large picture of the Brazilian agriculture in the early 1960s.(Paper: Journal of Inter-American Studies)




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