The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Conjuntura Política


Documentos 1 a 60 de 212



Depois do ódio

27.12.2017. Why since 2013 we saw political hate in Brazil? I believe that the structural explanation for that. The white Brazilian elites always despised the negro or mestiça lower classes. Suddenly a politician originated from the excluded class, Lula, identified himself self with it, while his political party got involved in corruption. This was sufficient to the insecure middle-class developed hate - a sentment that is incompatible with democracy. (Note in the Facebook)



Reforma política

10.8.2017. The political reform should follow two criteria: to increase governability, which a purely proportional system does not assure, and to reduce the cost of political campaigns. (Note in Facebook)



A tentativa de erguer uma nação dos escombros

2017. Bresser explains the manifesto Projeto Brasil Nação, from which he was the first subscriber (Entrevista a Carta Capital)



Atropelar? Por que não? É a nova regra do jogo.

22.12.2016 - The new mayor of São Paulo is increasing the speed limits in the avenues. But to run over the people is more than a trafic rule; is the new and liberal rule of the game in Brazil.



Defender Dilma será um dever cívico

2016. Defender Dilma neste momento é dever cívico. O impeachment é uma farsa jurídica que não podemos aceitar. Ele foi um dos escolhidos pela presidente para defendê-la no Senado. (Entrevista por Lúcia Müzell, da Radio France)



Saída está no câmbio e na taxa de juros

2015. The way out of the quasi-stagnation since the Real Plan is overcome the high interest rate - overvalued currency trap. (Interview to Jornal da Paraíba)



Vícios e virtudes

2015. A summary of A Construção Política do Brazil. The three state-society cycles in the history of Brazil since Independence. The recent class coalitions or political pacts. (Article: O Estado de S.Paulo, Aliás )



Os ricos nunca gostaram e temem a democracia

2015. Long interview. Bresser-Pereira speaks about his life, ideas, and Brazil. (Long interview to Leandro Fontoura, Zero Hora)



O estranho mas inevitável ajuste

2015. Embora poucos se deem conta disto, a economia brasileira está semiestagnada há muito tempo. (Article: Valor).



Além do ajuste, um acordo político

2015. Brazil needs a social class coalition which have as economic priority an exchange rate floating around the "industrial" or competitive equilibrium. This is the only way to stop deindustrialization. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Ricos nutrem ódio ao PT

2015. Para Bresser-Pereira, defesa que governo faz dos pobres explica sentimento da burguesia em relação à presidente. Em novo livro, ele discute a história e o desenvolvimento do Brasil desde a independência (Entrevista de Eleonora de Lucena, para Folha).



O mal-estar entre nós

2014. A sociedade brasileira está dividida politicamente entre ricos e pobres. Falta à nação um projeto -- sobra o ódio, que eu nunca havia visto antes, e grande mal-estar. (Revista Interesse Nacional)



Meu voto em Dilma (Carta Maior)

2014 - I will vote in Dilma Rousseff because she is committed to the poor. Carta Maior



The banality of evil (Folha, 29.7.13)

2013. Evil's banality is among us. Is in Islamic terrorism, in the Iraq war, in the intervention in Syria.(Articles: Folha de S.Paulo)



A banalidade do mal (Folha, 29.7.13)

2013. O mal banal está entre nós. Está no terrorismo islâmico, na guerra do Iraque, na intenvenção na Síria. (Articles: Folha de S.Paulo)



God was Brazilian during the Lula administration (Folha, 02.01.11)

2011. During the eight years of his administration, Lula exercised extraordinary leadership and proved to have a republican spirit. (Folha de S.Paulo)



Deus foi brasileiro no governo Lula (Folha, 02.01.11)

2011. Nesses oito anos, Lula exerceu extraordinária liderança e provou ter espírito republicano (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Irán- Brasil y la proliferación nuclear (La Onda)

2010. El mundo tiene problemas mucho más graves que la eventual entrada de Irán al club de las potencias nucleares.



Indignação com as laranjeiras (Folha, 19.10.09)

2009. Por que não nos indignamos com a captura do patrimônio público que ocorre todos os dias em nosso país? Folha de S.Paulo 19.10.2009



Deixemos Obama em paz (Folha, 24.8.09)

2009. Essa é a melhor maneira de promover os interesses comuns que a América Latina tem com os Estados Unidos (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Let us leave Obama in peace (Folha, 24.8.09)

2009. This is the best way to promote the regions common interests with the United States. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



War or agreement? (Folha, 3.8.09)

2009. The Islamic people discovered that religion can be a major instrument to transform a people into a nation. (Article: Folha de S. Paulo)



Guerra ou acordo? (Folha, 3.8.09)

2009. Muçulmanos descobriram que a religião pode ser um grande instrumento para o surgimento de uma nação (Article:Folha de S.Paulo).



Immigration and nationalism (Folha, 27.7.09)

2009. The immigrants have no alternative but to fight in order to see their right to multiculturalism respected in the new country. (Article: Folha de S. Paulo).



Quem socorre o G-20? (Folha, 6.4.09)

2009. The G20 increased the resources of IMF rich countries say that is to help developing countries actually the main objective is also to save their own banks that made irresponsible loans to equally irresponsible countries. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Tempo e paciência (Folha, 30.3.09)

2009. A medida para a compra de títulos podres nos EUA é inovadora e abre espaço para o próprio mercado atuar (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Israel e a lógica irracional (Folha, 5.1.09)

2009. A lógica da guerra, tão irracional quão implacável, só será quebrada quando mudar a política dos EUA (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Socorrer quem? (Folha, 29.12.08)

2008. Se os bancos continuarem a ser socorridos sem serem nacionalizados, não haverá a reestruturação necessária (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



América Latina para América Latina (Folha, 22.12.08)

2008. In globalization national autonomy became more strategic. The meetings of the regions chiefs of state without the the presence of major foreign powers is welcome. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Rendas e lucros do pré-sal (Folha, 8.9.08)

2008. No debate sobre o pré-sal, o problema básico é capturar e depois usar bem as "rendas ricardianas" do petróleo (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Terceiro mandato (Folha, 05.11.07)

2007. It a mistake to believe that Lula is working for a third mandate. He knows that democracy is consolidated in Brazil, and that such constitutional amendment has no chance of being approved. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo,5.11.2007)



Serviços sociais do Estado (Folha, 8.10.07)

2007. The "state foundations" (fundações estatais)are welcome because they show that the Lula administration accepted the "social organizations" concept to offer social and scientific services. Yet, public hospitals should be transformed immediately in social organizations, instead of waiting that the new law is approved. (Article Folha de S.Paulo).



Agronegócio, indústria e taxa de câmbio (Folha, 24.09.07)

2007. It is possible and desirable to have a national agreement assuring a more competitive exchange rate. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Dois capitalismos (Folha, 16.07.07)

2007. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Estado europeu (Folha, 01.07.07)

2007. The Europeian Union cannot live an agreement which is essential for it dependent on the vote of individual countries. If a nation realy do not agree, there is the alternative of leaving the Union. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Para Bresser, Brasil está em ciclo vicioso (Folha, 20.05.07)

2007. Interview to Cristiane Barbieri on Bresser-Pereira's latest book Macroeconomia da Estagnação. New developmentalism is a third discourse between old developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy.(Interview: Folha de S.Paulo).



Mangabeira Unger (Folha, 07.05.07)

2007. The Lula administration is changing and Mangabeira Unger was right in accepting the President's invitation.(Article Folha de S.Paulo).



Dois projetos de nação? (Folha, 06.05.07)

2007. The French are not choosing between two projects of nation they already have a good one. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Apagão aéreo (Folha, 11.04.07)

2007. with Paulo Modesto. The medium term solution of the flight controllers crisis depends on structural management reforms. (Article in Folha de S.Paulo)



Uma sociedade doente (Folha, 26.03.07)

2007. The Brazilian society is seek because the it faces quasi-stagnation and crisis and has not a clear assessement of the problems it faces.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Nacionalismo necessário (Folha, 26.02.07)

2007. Finally, Brazil has a nationalist representative at IMF. Paulo Nogueira Batista Jr. will face many other nationalist in Washington, although none will admit it.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Globalização comercial e financeira (Folha, 29.01.07)

2007. Commercial globalization is a major opportunity for developing countries, financial globalization, a disaster. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Classe média (Folha, 13.12.06)

2006. The middle class is suffering most with Brazil's quasi-stagnation. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



É a competição, estúpido... (Estado, 26.11.06)

2006. A large interview on the Brazilian economy and the lack of a national growth strategy in a global environment defined by high competition among nation-states. (Interview to Laura Greenhalgh: O Estado de S.Paulo).



PSDB e PT estão superados (Jornal do Brasil, 21.11.06)

2006. Either PT or PSDB have an answer on how to face and overcome the Brazilian economy's 26 years old quasi-stagnation because they lost the idea of nation. (Interview to Rodrigo de Almeida: Jornal do Brasil).



Candidatos se definem (Folha, 23.10.06)

2006. In the end of the presidential campaign Alckmin, differently from Lula, was able to articulate sensible ideas on economic policy. It will not be engough. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Equação do segundo turno (Folha, 09.10.06)

2006. The rich and the poor voted for Lula in the first turn the middle class, for Alckmin. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Até o dia da eleição (Folha, 25.09.06)

2006. Alckmin's economic program - a step ahead, but insufficient. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Lula e Bush (Folha, 11.09.06)

2006. Despite a disastrous president Bush was reelected because the Democrat Party did not have an alternative to Irak in Brazil, Lula will probably be elected because PSDB is unable to present an alternative economic policy. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Reforma política (Folha, 28.08.06)

2006. Political reform should begin by introducing districtal vote combined with open lists.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Fundamentalismo ou libertação nacional? (Website, 21.08.06)

2006. In the Middle-Orient the key factor is not fundamentalism but the nationalist fight against imperialism using religion as an instrument. This is final version of the article "Fundamentalismo ou nacionalismo?" (Folha de S.Paulo) that was not published due to editing mistake. In this version I "e Robert Pape (University of Chicago) he studied 375 case of suicide attachs, and verified that in 95% the motivation was nacionalist, 5%, relgious. See also Pape's interview in a Folha, 13.6.06.



Fundamentalismo ou nacionalismo? (Folha, 20.08.06)

2006. In the Middle-Orient the key factor is not fundamentalism but the nationalist fight against imperialism using religion as an instrument. More complete version available. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Doha: derrota ou vitória? (Folha, 31.07.06)

2006. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Os mitos raciais (Folha, 17.07.06)

2006. Brazil is a mixed country but it is not a racial democracy. Affirmative policies are required to reduce racial inequality.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



México e Mercosul (Folha, 19.06.06)

2006. As Mexico is in NAFTA, Mercosul does not have interest in having it as a member. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Bresser propõe novo desenvolvimentismo (Folha, 11.06.06)

2006. New developmetalism is a national growth strategy - an alternative to the present conventional orthodoxy. See paper on the subject. (Interview: Folha de S.Paulo).



A sociedade confusa (Folha, 22.05.06)

2006. The organized gang attack to the Paulista police is a symptom of the confusion of the Brazilian society. To achieve reasonable security it is supposed to offer institutional support to its police and to the Judiciary branch of the state.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Império ou hegemon? (Folha, 08.05.06)

2006. The United States is a 'contemporary empire' whose power derives rather from ideological hegemony than of military capability. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



O desafio de Alckmin (Folha, 24.04.06)

2006. Alckmin will only win the presidential elections if in the next two months he is able to formulate a articulated national discourse criticizing the present econmic policies. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Ética e política (Folha, 10.04.06)

2004. The ethics of politics is the ethics of responsibility, or the Machiavelian ethics. Both assume republican ends. When they are lacking, we have just opportunism and immoralisty. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo




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