The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Economia brasileira 1980-2002


Documentos 1 a 60 de 133



The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)



The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)



A Construção Política do Brasil

2014. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Editora 34, updated 3rd edition, 2017)



Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (5a. edição)

2003. The patterns of economic development and the political pacts in Brazil from Vargas (1930) to Lula (2003). 5th revised edition almost doubling the size of the book. English version available. (Book: Editora 34)



Resenha de Em Busca de Novo Modelo

2002. Review of Celso Furtados book Em Busca de Novo Modelo. (Revista de Economia Política)



O segundo Consenso de Washington e a quase-estagnação da economia brasileira

2002. The growth cum foreign savings strategy and the consequent exchange rate evaluation is the basic cause behind Cardoso administration's poor economic performance. (Revista de Economia Politica, 23(3) July 2003).*



Financiamento para o subdesenvolvimento: o Brasil e o segundo Consenso de Washington

2002. The growth cum foreign savings strategy and the consequent exchange rate overevaluation is the basic cause behind Cardoso administration's poor economic performance. Portuguese version available: O Segundo Consenso de Washington e a Quase-Estagnação da Economia Brasileira. (Paper: BNDES 50 Years)*



A Batalha Vai se Travar Aqui

2002. The present balance of payments crisis is coupled by recession. Government support business enterprises. (Article in Valor Econômico)



Una estrategia de desarrollo con estabilidad

2001 With Yoshiaki Nakano. A critique of economic policy since 1995, showing that Central Bank s basic interest rate is absurd and can be reduced. Portuguese version available. (Paper/document: Instituciones y Desarrollo, May 2002).



Uma estratégia de desenvolvimento com estabilidade

2001. With Yoshiaki Nakano. A critique of economic policy - particularly of the high interest rates - adopted from 1995. Originally it was written as a document to PSDB. It is one of the founding papers of New Developmentalism. Spanish version available. (Paper/document: Revista de Economia Política, July 2002).*



Crise Économique et Réforme de l'État au Brésil

2002. Economic and political analysis of the crisis of the state from 1980 to 1995 in Brazil. Includes a critical introduction. Portuguese and English versions available. (Book: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme)





Incompatibilidade distributiva e desenvolvimento auto-sustentado

2002. An overview of the Brazilian economy since the 1970s. Income concentrated in the period, but only some additional reduction in wages and salaries as a consequence of a less appreciated exchange rate will permit the country to resume growth. (Paper in book edited by Ricardo Bielschowky e Ricardo Mussi, Políticas para a Retomada do Crescimento - Reflexões de Economistas Brasileiros).



Decisões estratégicas e overlapping consensus na América Latina

2001. There are some consensus and some strategic decisions to be taken in Latin America, after the crisis of structuralism, and of orthodox reforms. English version available.(Paper: Revista de Economia Política) *



After structuralism, a development alternative for Latin America

2001. There are some consensus and some strategic decisions to be taken in Latin America, after the crisis of structuralism, and of orthodox reforms. Portuguese version available. (Paper presented in conference at Oxford University; not published; available only in this site)



Latin America's quasi-stagnation

2001. First economic paper since I left the Cardoso administration in June 1999. Incompetence and subordination to the North characterized Latin American economic policies since the early 1980s'. Portuguese version available with the original title of the paper, "Incompetência e confidence building por trás de 30 anos de quase-estagnação da América Latina". (Paper in book edited by Paul Davidson).



Incompetência e confidence building por trás de 20 anos de quase estagnação da América Latina

2001. My first paper after leaving the Cardoso administration in June 1999. Incompetence and subordination to the North characterized Latin American economic policies since the early 1980s'. English version available. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política) *



Método e Paixão em Celso Furtado

2001. The method that Celso Furtado utilizes is essentially historical; his passion - a measured passion - is for Brazil. A survey of Furtado's work. English and Spanish versions available.(Paper in book edited by Bresser-Pereira and Rego) *



Do estado patrimonial ao gerencial

2001. An overview of the rise of the state and of public administration in Brazil since late nineteenth century, ending with the 1995/98 Public Management Reform. (Paper in edited book)



Method and Passion in Celso Furtado

2001. The method that Celso Furtado utilizes is essentially historical; his passion - a measured passion - is for Brazil. A survey of Furtado's work.Portuguese and Spanish versions available. (Paper to be published in English)



O Calvário de Chico Lopes (Folha, 21.04.99)

1999. A defense of the former president of the Central Bank in a moment that is being crucified by the press. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo, 21.4.1999).



Entrevista a Joelmir Betting sobre ciência e tecnologia (Globonews, 07.03.99)

1999. Interview to Globonews, on science and technology.



A teoria da dependência 30 anos depois

1998. New dependency theory is different from the theory of imperialism, as well as from the national-bourgeois interpretation. It is "new" because rich countries are not anymore against industrialization, but favor authoritarianism and income concentration (Intervention in conference).



Interpretações sobre o Brasil

1997. Update of "Seis Interpretações sobre o Brasil" (1982). It was written when the Cardoso administration was beginning. (Paper in book edited by Maria Rita Loureiro) Italian version available.



Economia Brasileira: Uma Introdução Crítica

1997. Third edition. An introductory book and also a personal essay on the Brazilian economy. (Editora 34)



Crise Econômica e Reforma do Estado no Brasil

1996. The crisis of the state interpretation. Economic and political analysis of the crisis starting in 1980 in Latin America. English and French versions availalble. (Book: Editora 34)



Economic Crisis and State Reform in Brazil

1996. The 'crisis of the state interpretation'. Economic and political analysis of the crisis starting in 1980 in Latin America. Portuguese and French versions available. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)



Inserção internacional e apartheid social (Folha)

1994. Brazil achieved price stability. Now, in order to grow, it has to define a policy of competitive insertion in the interantional setting, while, domestically, promotes income distribution. (Note: Folha de S.Paulo)



Brésil: Modernisation inachevée et pactes politiques

1994. A new political pact of the Brazilian elites around the idea of national development is a condition for political legitimacy and economic growth. Portuguese and English versions available.(Paper: Problèmes d Amérique Latine)*



Une Nouvelle Interpretation de lAmerique Latine

1994. Since 1980 Latin American faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state, which was also a crisis of the developmentalist interpretation. Now, two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. Available in English and Portuguese. (Paper: Cahiers des Amériques Latines)*



Fome, Democracia e Distribuição de Renda

1993. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Empresários, suas origens e as interpretações do Brasil

1993. In a 1964 I demonstrated that Brazilian entrepreneurs originated from the immigrant middle class. Nevertheless, dependency theory insisted that they originated from the coffee planters. It was a way of rejecting the possibility of a national bourgeoisie. (Paper: Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais)



Reformas econômicas em tempos anormais

1993. IMF adjustment programs and World Banks structural reforms ignore that the Brazilian economy faces abnormal times. (Paper in Revista da USP)



Economic reforms and economic growth: efficiency and politics in Latin America

1992. Stabilization and other market-oriented economic reforms face a double challenge in new democracies: they have to be economically effective and politically feasible. Since 1980 Latin America faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state. Now, two competing interpretations are present the neo-liberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. The later anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Chapter 1 of Economic Reforms in New Democracies).



The failure to stabilise

1993. Brazil's failure to achieve price stabilization is essentially a consequence of the incompetence of authorities (and IMF) in acknowledging the inertial character of inflation and the lack of political support for fiscal adjustment. (Lecture in London)



The crisis of the state approach to Latin America

1993. After the dependency interpretation of Latin America, now two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and what I propose: the fiscal crisis of the state approach. Portuguese and French versions available. This paper is a preliminary version of my chapter in Economic Reforms in New Democracies (1993). The "fiscal crisis approach" anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Instituto Norte-Sul Discussion Paper)



A modernização interrompida

1993. A socio-economic and a political-economic vicious circle hinds Brazils development. The weak points which should be attacked are education and inertial inflation. (Note in Vellosos edited book [10 p])*



Um mestre da economia brasileira: Ignácio Rangel

1992. With José Marcio Rego. Ignácio Rangel is an highly orginal anaylist of the Brazilian macroeconomy and of its development. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política)



A Crise do Estado: Ensaios sobre a Economia Brasileira

1992. Collected papers written between 1987 and 1991 analyzing the Brazilian foreign debt crisis, fiscal crisis of the state, and inflation. (Book: Editora Nobel)



A crise da América Latina: Consenso de Washington ou crise fiscal?

1991. An early critique of the Washington consensus. A systematic analysis of the Latin American crisis as a foreign debt and a fiscal crisis of the state crisis. English, French, and Spanish versions available. Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico 21(1), abril 1991: 3-23.



La crisis de América Latina. ¿Consenso de Washington o crisis fiscal?

1991. An early critique of the Washington consensus. A systematic analysis of the Latin American crisis as a foreign debt and a fiscal crisis of the state crisis. Portuguese, English, and French versions available. (Paper: Pensamiento Iberamericano)



La crise de la Amérique Latine: Consensus de Washington ou crise budgétaire?

1991. An early critique of the Washington consensus. A systematic analysis of the Latin American crisis as a foreign debt and a fiscal crisis of the state crisis. Portuguese, English and Spanish versions available. (Paper: Problèmes dAmerique Latine).



Economic crisis in Latin America: Washington consensus or fical crisis approach?

1991. An early critique of the Washington consensus. A systematic analysis of the Latin American crisis as a foreign debt crisis and a fiscal crisis of the state. Portuguese, French, and Spanish versions available. (English version not published: just available in this site).



A lógica perversa da estagnação: dívida, déficit e inflação no Brasil

1991. There is a perverse logic in the Brazilian macroeconomic system involving foreign debt, fiscal deficit and inertial inflation. English version available. (Paper: Revista Brasileira de Economia)



Os Tempos Heróicos de Collor e Zélia

1991. Collection of articles analysing the rights and wrongs that characterized the first two extraordinary years of the Collor administration. After that, a change of ministry inaugurated the rendition of Brazil to the Washington consensus. (Editora Nobel)



A estratégia da competitividade e do interesse nacional

1990. This paper discusses two alternatives - neo-liberal and modern progressive - and asserts that Brazil is already sufficiently mature to protect its the national interest. (Paper in the book A Crise do Estado)



Economic ideologies and the consolidation of democracy in Brazil

1989. The transition to democracy was an outcome of successful political popular-business pact, but mistaken ideoloiges originated in old nationalism and left populism, and on conservative clientelism, opportunism, social conservatism, monetarism, crude liberalism, and subordinated internationalism represent an obstacle to democratic consolidation and growth in Brazil. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book edited by Diane Ethier)



Jogo Aberto: Entrevistas com Bresser-Pereira

1989. Interviews given by Bresser-Pereira while he was Finance Minister of Brazil, edited by Carlos Alberto Sardenberg. (Book: Editora Brasiliense)



The perverse macroeconomics of debt, deficit and inflation in Brazil

1989. There is a perverse logic in the Brazilian macroeconomic system involving foreign debt, fiscal deficit and inertial inflation. Portuguese version available.(Paper in book edited by Fukuchi and Kagami).



A dívida na próxima reunião do FMI (Jornal do Brasil, 19.9.1988)

1988. United Nations' proposal is insuficient. Only a general solution for the debt crisis based on the securitization of the debt, as Brazil proposed in 1987, will solve the problem. (Article: Jornal do Brasil)



Mudanças no padrão de financiamento do investimento no Brasil

1987. Investment used to be financed by the state. Yet, given the fiscal crisis of the state, the private sector is supposed to play a more active role. First paper where I discuss the fiscal crisis of the state. English version available.(Paper: Revista de Economia Política)



A composição financeira do déficit público

1987. Interest expenditures and real state expenditures have different consequences on aggregate demand. Thus a contry may have a public deficit whose origin are the interests paid consistent with insufficient demand and unemployment. This was what occurred in the Brazilian economy in 1985. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política)*



Dois planos necessários (Jornal do Brasil, 21.4.1987)

1987. Article just before being nominate Finance Minister saying that the economic crisis imposed an adjustment of the foreign accounts and a plan for controling inflation. (Article: Jornal do Brasil, April 21, 1987)



Changing patterns of financing investment in Brazil

1987. Investment used to be financed by the state. Yet, given the fiscal crisis of the state, the private sector is supposed to play a more active role. First paper where I discuss the fiscal crisis of the state. Portuguese version available(Paper)



Inertial inflation and the Cruzado Plan

1987. Paper written a four months after the Cruzado Plan was lauched to control inertial inflation. The two main dangers the plan was facing were relative prices desiquilibria left by the plan and an increasing budget deficit. Portuguese version available.(Paper: World Development)



Inflação inercial e choque heterodoxo no Brasil

1986. Paper written a four months after the Cruzado Plan was lauched to control inertial inflation. The two main dangers the plan was facing were relative prices desiquilibria left by the plan and an increasing budget deficit. (Paper in book edited by José Marcio Rego)



Estado regulador y pacto democrático en América Latina

1985 {1986}. The Entrepreneurial or Producer State was essential to Latin Americas primitive accumulation and industrialization. Now, in the new stage that the more advanced Latin American countries are entering, it is time for the the Regulatory and the Social State. Yet, this transition is taking place together with the transition to democracy, a major debt crisis, and a neo-liberal ideological ofensive. Portuguese version available. (Paper: in book edited by Atilio Boron)*



Estado regulador e pacto democrático na América Latina

1985. The transition from the Entrepreneurial to the Regulatory State in Latin America is taking place in the middle of a financial (debt) crisis, the advancement of neo-liberal ideology, and the transition to democracy, after the state completed its role of promoting primitive accumulation. Spanish version available. (Paper in book edited by Atilio Boron Portuguese version just published here)



A Dívida e a Inflação

1985. Articles on the Brazilian economy and the foreign debt published in the newspapers between 1978 and 1985. (Book: Editora Gazeta Mercantil)



Preocupações com o controle da moeda (Folha, 22.1.85)

1985 (Article: Folha de S. Paulo, 22.01)




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