The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

Mais informações

Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

Mais informações

Pactos políticos e coalizões de classes


Documentos 1 a 41 de 41



The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)



A Construção Política do Brasil

2014. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Editora 34, updated 3rd edition, 2017)



O pacto que não houve

Este capítulo 22 da 3a. edição de A Construção Política do Brasil está sendo disponibilizado para que, aqueles que tem a 1a ou 2a. edição, possam ver as principais modificações introduzidas.



Um pacto popular-nacional desde 2006?

2012. The Lula and Dilma (first two years) administrations and the attempt to make a political pact with industrial entrepreneurs and the workers. (Editora 34: 2014). São Paulo, 24 de maio de 2012.



Remando contra a maré: novo desenvolvimentismo e interesse nacional

2016. Long interview of Bresser-Pereira to Alvaro Comin e Paulo Todescan Mattos for Plural, publication from USP's graduate program in sociology.



Novo pacto nacional

2016. Bresser-Pereira é o entrevistado do programa Espaço Público, por Paulo Moreira Leite e Florestan Fernandes Jr.



State-society cycles and political pacts in a national-dependent society: Brazil

2015. Brazil is a national-dependent society. The three cycles of its independent history were, successively, "State and Territorial Integration", "Nation and Development" and "Democracy and Social Justice". Portuguese version available. (Paper, Latin America Research Review)



Vícios e virtudes

2015. A summary of A Construção Política do Brazil. The three state-society cycles in the history of Brazil since Independence. The recent class coalitions or political pacts. (Article: O Estado de S.Paulo, Aliás )



Os ricos nunca gostaram e temem a democracia

2015. Long interview. Bresser-Pereira speaks about his life, ideas, and Brazil. (Long interview to Leandro Fontoura, Zero Hora)



O mal-estar entre nós

2014. A sociedade brasileira está dividida politicamente entre ricos e pobres. Falta à nação um projeto -- sobra o ódio, que eu nunca havia visto antes, e grande mal-estar. (Revista Interesse Nacional)



Eles não têm medo da democracia (Folha, 1.7.13)

2013. O grave risco por que passa o Brasil não é a desordem, mas a desmoralização da política e dos políticos.



Os empresários industriais brasileiros depois do fim da hegemonia neoliberal

2013. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition from the late 1980s to the the mid 2000s. Yet, since the Lula administration, the emergence of a new developmentalism, and the 2008 collapse of neoliberalism, they are again being heard in Brazil. Actualized version of a previous paper. Also available German version. (To be published in edited book)



Brasil, sociedade nacional-dependente

2012. An overview o Brazil since the independence. An interpretation of Brazil considering the political pacts or class coalitions and the growth strategies. (Paper: Novos Estudos, Cebrap)



Os três ciclos da sociedade e do Estado

2012. Brazil is a national-dependent society. The three cycles of its independent history were, successively, "State and Integration", "Nation and Development" and "Democracy and Social Justice". (Paper: Perspectivas) English version available.



Empresariado industrial, democracia e poder político

2009. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition in the late 1980s in the 2000s, as new developmentalism is being discussed, there are signals that they are coming back. (Paper in Novos Estudos Cebrap).



From the national-bourgeoisie to the dependency interpretation of Latin America

2009. Over-exploitation as well as associated dependency interpretations denied the possibility of national bourgeoisies in the region and contributed to weakening Latin American nations. Only a third version of dependency - the national-dependent interpretation - escaped this fate. Published in English in Latin American Perspectives 178, vol. 38 (3) May 2011Portuguese and French versions available. (Paper: Latin American Perspectives).



As três interpretações da dependência

2010. Over-exploitation as well as associated dependency interpretations denied the possibity of national bourgeoisies in the region and contributed to weakening Latin American nations. Only a third version of dependency - the national-dependent interpretation - escaped this fate. English and French versions available. (Paper: Perspectivas).



Amérique Latine: de la interprétation nationaliste à la interprétation par la dépendance

2009. Over-exploitation as well as associated dependency interpretations denied the possibity of national bourgeoisies in the region and contributed to weakening Latin American nations. Only a third version of dependency - the national-dependent interpretation - escaped this fate. English and Portuguese versions available. (Paper: Revue Tiers Monde).



20 anos da Constituição (Folha, 6.10.08)

2008. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution was the outcome of a democratic and popular political pact. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Burocracia Pública na Construção do Brasil

2007. This is an essay that eventually I decided not to publish, and use part of It in A Construção do Brasil (2014).



Depois do consenso neoliberal, o retorno dos empresários industriais?

2008. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs associated with the state bureaucracy were dominant from 1930 to late 1980s. Now, they may be returning to power. At least they are better prepared for that. (Paper to be published)



Developing Brazil - Overcoming the Failure of the Washington Consensus

2009. An encompassing analysis of the Brazilian macroeconomic system; a first presentation of the developmental macroeconomics. Why Brazil failed to grow fast after the Real Plan. English version available. The high interest-overvalued currency trap. (This book is an atualized version of Macroeconomia da Estagnação)



Macroeconomia da Estagnação: crítica da ortodoxia convencional no Brasil pós-1994

2007. An encompassing analysis of the Brazilian macroeconomic system; a first presentation of the developmental macroeconomics. Why Brazil failed to grow fast after the Real Plan. English version available. (Book: Editora 34) Developing Brazil is an atualized version of this book



Burocracia pública e reforma gerencial

2007. The Brazilian public bureaucracy as well as the industrial bourgeoisie are out of the dominant political coalition since late 1980s. Yet, as it is engaged in the 1995 Managerial Reform, it is committed with a project.(Paper Revista do Serviço Público). French version available.



Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (5a. edição)

2003. The patterns of economic development and the political pacts in Brazil from Vargas (1930) to Lula (2003). 5th revised edition almost doubling the size of the book. English version available. (Book: Editora 34)



Popular e nacional? (Folha, 15.12.02)

2002. The Lula administration probably means the rise of third popular political pact in Brazil since 1930. Vargas "national developmentalism" between 1930 and 1959 and the "Diretas Já" pact between 1977 and 1986 were the other two popular political coalitions. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



O contrato social ausente

1998. With Yoshiaki Nakano. It is misleading to attribute economic difficulties to politicians and bureaucrats, since incompetent and self-interest policies decided by economists are also responsible. This is more so when the country misses an effective social contract. English version available. (Paper in Estado e Sociedade). This is an improved version of "A origem política dos problemas econômicos" (1995).



The missing social contract

1998. With Yoshiaki Nakano. It is misleading to attribute economic difficulties to politicians and bureaucrats, since incompetent and self-interest policies decided by economists are also responsible. This is more so when the country misses an effective social contract. Portuguese version available. (Paper in edited book by Ducatenzeiler and Oxhorn)



A modernização incompleta e pactos políticos

1993. Given its extreme social heterogeneity and the 'contradictory citizenship', there is not a social contract in Brazil. In the recent past, informal growth oriented political pacts replaced a social contracts. The solution for the present crisis depends on the definition of a not growth oriented political pact. French and English versions available.(Paper in book edited by Sola e Paulani).



A modernização incompleta e pactos políticos

1993. Given its extreme social heterogeneity and the 'contradictory citizenship', there is not a social contract in Brazil. In the recent past, informal growth oriented political pacts replaced a social contracts. The solution for the present crisis depends on the definition of a not growth oriented political pact. French and English versions available.(Paper in book edited by Sola e Paulani).



Ideologias econômicas e democracia no Brasil

1989. The transition to democracy was an outcome of successful political popular-business pact, but mistaken ideologies originated in old left populism, and on conservative clientelism (pork barrel), opportunism, social conservatism, monetarism, crude liberalism, and subordinated internationalism represent an obstacle to democratic consolidation and growth in Brazil. (Paper: Estudos Avançados). English version available.



Estado regulador y pacto democrático en América Latina

1985 {1986}. The Entrepreneurial or Producer State was essential to Latin Americas primitive accumulation and industrialization. Now, in the new stage that the more advanced Latin American countries are entering, it is time for the the Regulatory and the Social State. Yet, this transition is taking place together with the transition to democracy, a major debt crisis, and a neo-liberal ideological ofensive. Portuguese version available. (Paper: in book edited by Atilio Boron)*



Estado regulador e pacto democrático na América Latina

1985. The transition from the Entrepreneurial to the Regulatory State in Latin America is taking place in the middle of a financial (debt) crisis, the advancement of neo-liberal ideology, and the transition to democracy, after the state completed its role of promoting primitive accumulation. Spanish version available. (Paper in book edited by Atilio Boron Portuguese version just published here)



Possible political pacts after redemocratization

1985 (1988). With the transiction to democracy and the election of Tancredo Neves the probability of a populist political pact is small. The alternatives after democratization are a conservative pact based on the great bourgeoisie, or a progressive one based on the middle classes.Portuguese version available. (Paper in book edited by Chacel, Falk e Fleischer)



Os pactos políticos possíveis depois da redemocratização

1985. With the transiction to democracy and the election of Tancredo Neves the probability of a populist political pact is small. The alternatives after democratization are a conservative pact based on the great bourgeoisie, or a progressive one based on the middle classes. English version available. (Paper in the book Pactos Políticos)



Pactos Políticos: do Populismo à Redemocratização

1985. Collected papers on political pacts and the 1987-85 Brazilian transition to democracy. Complements the analysis originally made in O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes. (Book: Editora Brasiliense)



The dialectic of redemocratization and abertura

1984. The 'abertura' is a strategy that military are using to postpone the democratic transition that became inevitable since the Brazilian business men broke down their alliance with them.(Paper in Development and Crisis in Brazil: 1930-1983.)



Os limites da 'abertura' e a sociedade civil

1983. A 'abertura' is a strategy through which the military try to procrastinate the democratization demanded by civil society. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes

1978. The beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil: the Brazilian bourgeoisie reacts to the authoritarian "Pacote de Abril" of 1977 breaking down its 1964 alliance with the military. (Complete book: PDF in this site, and in the AppStore)



O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes

1978. The beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil: the Brazilian bourgeoisie reacts to the authoritarian "Pacote de Abril" of 1977 breaking down its 1964 alliance with the military. (Complete book: PDF in this site, and in the AppStore)



Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil 1930-1967 (1a. edição, 1968)

1968. Economic, social and political development between 1930 and 1960s'. New historical facts turn inviable Vargas' national-developmentalist political pact. (Book: This first edition is available in this site)




Fale conosco: ceciliaheise46@gmail.com