Hyperinflation and stabilization in Brazil: The first Collor Plan

Luis Carlos Bresser Pereira com Yoshiaki Nakano

In P.Davidson J.Kregel Economic Problems of the 1990s, London: Edward Elgar, 1991: 41-68. Paper written in April-May 1990, and presented to the Post-Keynesian Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, June 1990.

In this paper are analysed (1) the conditions that gave rise to hyperinflation in early 1990, (2) the alternative programs of stabilization that were being suggested, and (3) the stabilization plan that was finally adopted, the Collor Plan, whose failure the authors, writing in June 1990, predict already in the title of the paper: "the first Collor Plan". This plan examined according to (1) the logic behind freezing 70% of the financial assets (2) the fiscal adjustment aspect: (3) the monetary or liquidity question (4) the demand problem and finally (5) the causes of the resurgence of inflation with recession. For this analysis, the authors utilize a neo-structuralist approach to the inertial or autonomous inflation prevailing in Brazil.

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