Nove Interpretazioni della Realtà Brasiliana
Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira
Annali della Fondazione Luigi Einaudi, vol.XXXII, 1998: 337-410.
1997. In the period of its industrial revolution (1930-1960) two conflicting interpretations dispute political hegemony in Brazil: the national-bourgeois interpretation and the agrarian vocation interpretation. In the military regime (1964-1985) we have, on one side the bureaucratic-authoritarian interpretation, on the other, the functional capitalist, the imperialist, and the new dependency interpretations. Since Brazil returned to democracy the competing interpretations are the neo-liberal, the social-liberal/crisis of the state, and the social-developmentalist interpretations. It was written when the Cardoso administration was beginning.