Interpretações sobre o Brasil

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

In Maria Rita Loureiro, org. (1997) 50 anos de Ciência Econômica no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Vozes, 1997: 17-69. Este texto constitui uma atualização de "Seis Interpretações sobre o Brasil"


Abstract. In the period of its industrial revolution (1930-1960) two conflicting interpretations dispute political hegemony in Brazil: the national-bourgeois interpretation and the agrarian vocation interpretation. In the military regime (1964-1985) we have, on one side the bureaucratic-authoritarian interpretation, on the other, the functional capitalist, the imperialist, and the new dependency interpretations. Since Brazil returned to democracy the competing interpretations are the neo-liberal, the social-liberal/crisis of the state, and the social-developmentalist interpretations. It was written when the Cardoso administration was beginning.


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