State reform in the 1990s, logic and control mechanisms

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

In Leonardo Burlamaqui, Ana Célia Castro and Ha-Joon Chang, eds. (2000) Institutions and the Role of the State. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar: 175-219.


The state reforms that took place in the 1990s did not have as objective to reduce the state to a minimum, but to rebuild and make the state more efficient. The role of the state redefinition has as criterion the concepts of : 'exclusive activities of the state", that involve state power the social and scientific activities, that the state is supposed to finance although does not have to directly execute and the production of goods and services for the market, that are supposed to be private unless it is a natural monopoly. The new state that is emerging is supposed to be managed efficiently, according to managerial public administration principles, instead of remaining subject to bureaucratic public administration. The new public managers are becoming more autonomous and more accountable in political terms.


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