Social classes and strata in contemporary capitalism
Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira
1981. A sistematic analysis on social classes in contemporary capitalism distinguishing how social classes should be distiguished of social strata and how the two concepts are interconected. (Paper: published only in this site)
Abstract. This is an unpublished essay written in 1981 on social classes and particularly on the new professional middle class. In that year Editora Brasiliense published A Sociedade Estatal e a Tecnoburocracia – a collection of the previous essays on the theory of the new professional class. My other two central papers on the subject, The Emergence of Technobureaucracy (1972) and Introductory Notes to the Statist or Technobureaucratic Mode of Production (1977) are in this book. I intended to include this third essay in a book to be published in English – a project that eventually did not materialize. In 2001 I read the paper, and decided to make it available in my web page, www.bresserpereira.org.br. It is a dated essay, particularly because Soviet Union does not exist anymore, but I believe that it remains relevant for understanding the social structure of the world we live, and why class analysis lost part of its heuristic power. Although complemented by the other essays, it can be read independently.